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Afganistan, Afganistan, Afganistan

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zupi:
No problems, ihan itse tutkittiin...  :o

These bastards put Daniel Hale in prison for revealing that nine out of ten people they kill with drone strikes are bystanders, but they won't even slap somebody on the wrist when their criminal negligence buries the full ten perfectly innocent lives.https://t.co/2YwigEEnyq— Edward Snowden (@Snowden) November 4, 2021
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--- Lainaus ---Thanks to Hale’s disclosures, the public learned that, during one five-month period in Afghanistan, 90 percent of those killed by US air strikes were not the intended targets. In addition to classified documents about the United States’ global assassination program, Hale also disclosed unclassified (but still not publicly available) guidelines for the US terror watch list. As a direct result, individuals were able to successfully challenge their placement on the No Fly List.
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--- Lainaus ---As Hale explained, the first part of his life was particularly rough. In 2009, facing homelessness, he joined the US military. He had opposed US wars, but he believed that newly elected president Barack Obama was winding them down.  (...)
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--- Lainaus ---Barack Obama had joked about killing the Jonas Brothers with drones at a 2010 White House Correspondents’ Dinner. But by May 2013, mounting controversy about the program, especially after the killing of a US citizen, meant that Obama was forced to make substantive remarks. As it happened, Hale was at a farewell party for those soldiers who, like him, would soon be returning home and leaving the Air Force. Yet Hale was “transfixed” by Obama on television.

Obama assured Americans the drone program was fine, as “near-certainty” was taken that civilians would not be killed in a strike, and only someone who was an “imminent threat” would be targeted with lethal force. Hale “came to believe that the policy of drone assassination was being used to mislead the public that it keeps us safe,” and that his “participation in the drone program [had] been deeply wrong.”

And what was all of this for? The US government claims it was to keep us safe from terrorism, but as Hale watched the war unfold in Afghanistan, he “became increasingly aware that the war had very little to do with preventing terror from coming into the United States and a lot more to do with protecting the profits of weapons manufacturers and so-called defense contractors.” As Hale wrote in his letter to the judge:

    It did not matter whether it was, as I had seen, an Afghan farmer blown in half, yet miraculously conscious and pointlessly trying to scoop his insides off the ground, or whether it was an American-flag-draped coffin lowered into Arlington National Cemetery to the sound of a twenty-one-gun salute. Bang, bang, bang. Both serve to justify the easy flow of capital at the cost of blood — theirs and ours. When I think about this, I am grief-stricken and ashamed of myself of the things that I’ve done to support it.
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https://www.jacobinmag.com/2021/08/daniel-hale-drone-whistleblower-sentencing-trial

Roope:
Helsingin Sanomat: Taleban ei voittanut sotaa taistelemalla eikä sillä ole kansan tukea: Näin se rakensi vastustamattoman paluunsa valtaan 17.11.2021

Islamismilla, jota Talebankin edusti, nimenomaan oli kansan tuki toisin kuin länsimaiden asevoimin tyrkyttämillä aatteilla. Kabulin länsimaisliberaali eliitti oli vain pieni vähemmistö. Myös Talebanin edustamalla heimoyhteiskunnalla ja korruptiolla oli kansan tuki, ei länsimaiden edustamalla demokratialla ja puhdasotsaisuudella.


--- Lainaus käyttäjältä: HS ---Maassa ehdittiin järjestää neljät presidentinvaalit ja kolmet parlamenttivaalit vuoden 2001 jälkeen, mutta niidenkin lopputulokseen kansalaisilla oli hyvin vähän vaikutusta, sanoo Afghanistan Analysts Network -tutkimusorganisaation johtaja Kate Clark.

”Yhdysvallat ei luottanut afganistanilaisiin. Se ei suostunut antamaan afganistanilaisten päättää itse omasta tulevaisuudestaan.”

Samaan aikaan maahan tulvi avustusrahaa niin paljon, ettei maan johdon tarvinnut huolehtia edes verojen keruusta, Clark kuvaa.

”Valtaapitävien taloudellinen autonomia kasvoi ja samalla demokratian impulssit heikkenivät. Heitä kiinnosti enemmän omien taskujensa sisältö kuin oman maansa tila.”

Korruptio läpileikkasi koko yhteiskunnan.

”Se kosketti kaikkia ihmisiä, kaikilla elämän osa-alueilla”, Clark sanoo.

Turvallisuussektorin uskottavuus oli osa ongelmaa. Rikoksen pystyi sopimaan rahalla ja tiesulusta pääsi lahjomalla.

SANOMALEHTI The Washington Postin haltuunsa saamien Yhdysvaltojen hallinnon asiakirjojen mukaan 352 000:sta Afganistanin armeijan sotilaasta pystyttiin todentamaan vain 254 000. Armeijan komentajat täydensivät joukkojaan keksityillä ihmisillä ja keräsivät näiden palkat itselleen.

Sama tilanne oli kouluissa. On arvioitu, että hallinnon alueilla lähes kymmenen prosenttia kouluista oli aavekouluja, joiden avulla kerättiin opettajien palkat ja muut kulut vieraisiin taskuihin.

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--- Lainaus käyttäjältä: HS ---Taleban ymmärsi, että pysyäkseen vallassa sen piti pitää paikallinen väestö edes jokseenkin tyytyväisenä.

Ihmiset, jotka olivat eläneet sodan ja väkivallan runtelemilla alueilla vuosikymmeniä, kokivat neuvottelun uuden valtaapitävän kanssa ainoaksi mahdollisuudeksi selviytyä ja jatkaa elämäänsä.

Eri alueille kehittyivät omat sääntönsä ja yhteistyön muotonsa.

ENSIN Taleban-taistelijoiden oli kuitenkin lopetettava iskut kouluihin, sairaaloihin ja avustusjärjestöjä kohtaan hallinnoimillaan alueilla.

Pikkuhiljaa Taleban onnistui rakentamaan todellista valtiota matkivan hallintorakenteen, joka pyrki takaamaan kansalaisille näiden tarvitsemat palvelut.

Alueilla kerättiin verot, mistä suurin osa päätyi Talebanin sotilasoperaatioiden rahoittamiseen.

Palvelut rahoittivat käytännössä avustusjärjestöt ja Afganistanin hallinto, joiden kanssa Taleban teki jatkuvasti yhteistyötä.

Koulut pysyivät auki monin paikoin varjohallinnon alueilla, mikä ei ollut itsestään selvää muualla maassa. Taleban piti tiukkaa kuria siitä, että sekä oppilaat että opettajat pysyivät koulussa ja heillä oli tarvittavat tarvikkeet. Taleban myös kontrolloi sitä, mitä kouluissa opetettiin.

Samoin Taleban valvoi, että terveydenhuolto toimisi paremmin ja että avustusjärjestöt laajensivat terveyspalvelujaan myös syrjäseuduille.

Talebanin järjestämät, uskontoon pohjaavat tuomioistuimet toimivat kansalaisten näkökulmasta paljon paremmin kuin viralliset tuomioistuimet. Ihmiset kokivat ne tehokkaiksi ja luotettaviksi, vaikka niiden laillisuusperiaatteesta voi olla montaa mieltä.
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Skeptikko:
AFGHAN HORROR I was forced to sell my daughter, 5, to 52-year-old man so my family could survive – I dread the day he’ll take her away
https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/16832263/afghan-father-sells-daughter-five/


--- Lainaus ---A DESPERATE Afghan father was forced to sell his five-year-old daughter to a 52-year-old man in a bid to feed his starving family.

Qadir, 35, an impoverished labourer in the north-west of the war-torn country, has spent the past two years waiting for the paedophile to come and collect his "goods".

The father, who has six other children including a baby daughter, used to earn £2 a day - however since the Taliban took over in August, his earnings have diminished even further.

He says: "I don't have money for food. I am scared for my kids because in winter they will die due to cold."

Two years ago, Qadir sold his eldest daughter Zohra, then aged five, for £1,386 to a stranger.

He told the Daily Mail: "I had to sell her to keep the others alive. I didn't have a choice."

Asked how she feels about being sold, the tearful girl, now aged seven, says: "I'm scared."

Her father says: "She cries all the time. She asks her mother why we sold her. Her future is ruined.

"I am unsure how the man will live with her, as she is so small. I can't sleep."

The payment for Zohra had now been spent, mostly on medical bills for the family's four sons.

UNICEF has issued an urgent warning as baby girls as young as 20 days old are being offered up for marriage.

The charity said they received "credible reports" of the days-old babies promised for future marriages in exchange for a dowry in Afghanistan.

The charity estimates 28 per cent of Afghan women aged between 15 and 49 are married off before they reach 18.

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Afghan girls' tears as they're sold by their starving families | Daily Mail Online
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-10196443/Afghan-girls-tears-theyre-sold-starving-families.html


--- Lainaus ---Two weeks ago, as 'the cold season came', Halim decided to sell his eight-year-old daughter, Noqra (above), a once lively girl who enjoys playing with leaves outside the family's concrete hut. The 70-year-old plans to sell Noqra within a month by declaring his intentions to their community. 'We will announce we have a daughter for sale,' he says, hoping the 100,000 Afghanis (£820) she may fetch would get them enough food to stay alive
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With every passing month, Zohra acquires a new, agonising understanding of her horrific predicament. Her eyes fill with tears as the Mail asks her how she feels to be sold, and she replies: 'I'm scared.'
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Even before the Taliban seized Afghanistan this summer, ending 20 years of an Afghan government supported by the West, decades of conflict, drought and the pandemic had made millions destitute.

When a regime the West refused to recognise was propelled to power, the population was plunged further into disaster.

Foreign aid payments that constituted 40 per cent of the country's GDP ceased. Banks closed and jobs were lost.

According to the UN, only 5 per cent of families have enough food to eat every day, while more than half of the population face starvation.

'Afghanistan is among the world's worst humanitarian crises, if not the worst,' said David Beasley, the executive director of the UN's World Food Programme. 'We are on a countdown to catastrophe.'

Even those hardened to human tragedy have been moved.

This week BBC journalist John Simpson, 77, broke down on air as he reported on an Afghan mother of seven trying to feed her family. 'I've seen a lot of bad things in my time, but this hasn't yet happened, and yet you know it's just round the corner. And they know it,' he says.

Last month, BBC reporter Yogita Limaye spoke to a mother who was forced to sell her baby for £370 to a buyer who wants her as a future bride for his son.

Paid half upfront, and part on collection once the child can walk, the mother, from a village near Herat, in the west of Afghanistan, said: 'My other children were dying of hunger so we had to sell her. How can I not be sad? She is my child.'

Alarmingly, this Daily Mail investigation found hers is far from an isolated case. 'As poverty and hunger increase, more people are selling their daughters,' says Afghan civil rights activist Mohammad Naeem Nazim.

'This is getting more common in our culture, which is worrying and terrifying.'

Sadly, the sale of girls in Afghanistan is not new. Most are purchased, illegally, for marriage, often as part of deals to settle debts as well as to acquire vital income.

The girls are usually bought by older men, their lives then jeopardised when they become pregnant before their bodies are ready to give birth.
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A lack of produce has caused the price of basic foods such as wheat to soar by 66 per cent.
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As he laments his impending loss, Qadir concedes he may have to sell another daughter. 'I want to get my daughter back, but if no one helps us I will have to sell another.'
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Among the 3.5 million Afghan people displaced within their country, the only signs of family life inside their hut are a threadbare rug, a canister and some pots on the shelves to cook with. Noqra sits cross-legged on the floor, sobbing onto her mother's knee.

'I told her, "We are forced to sell you." She didn't say anything, but cried all the time,' says Halim, a fragile-looking man whose eyes water as he speaks. 'She is my heart. It's hard and upsetting.'

His daughter, meanwhile, says, 'They sell me due to hunger,' before tears prevent her from talking.

Halim, 70, had lost his job as a labourer by the time the Taliban took over, and has been unable to find income since. 'No one will hire me because I am too old,' he says. His family's only source of food is a wood seller, who gives him rice or potatoes for odd jobs.

Both he and Yasmin, who has also lost her job as a crafter, have been ill 'due to hunger'. Halim says: 'When your money is finished it affects you a lot like sickness.'

He plans to sell Noqra within a month by declaring his intentions to their community. 'We will announce we have a daughter for sale,' he says, hoping the 100,000 Afghanis (£820) she may fetch would get them enough food to stay alive.
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Drought had already destroyed her family's livelihood and four years ago they were forced from their home in Muqur, in southern Afghanistan, to Badghis province, in the north-west.
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Najiba has also fallen ill due the prospect of being sold. 'A month ago I felt sick because of the overthinking and was admitted to hospital,' she says. 'I even had blood coming out of my mouth.'

Malnutrition has added to her poor health. 'There is only bread and salty water. The children are slowly getting sicker because of hunger,' says Ahmad, a father of four who has already sold his own 11-year-old daughter for £570.

When he is lucky, Ahmad finds odd jobs that earn him around 50p a day. 'I would do whatever job I could get, but there is none, now.'

He hopes to be able to sell Najiba for 50,000 Afghanis (£430). 'It is nothing but, facing the winter, can buy bread and medication for her mother and siblings.'
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Why should we care about Fatima and her family? Because they're frightened of what will happen in the next few months, if no one helps Afghanistan.

Why should we even think of reaching out a hand to the Taliban, one of the world's nastier collection of thugs?

Because it might be the only way of feeding those at risk of starvation, and governments and aid agencies have to start acting very soon if they are to be saved.

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Juffe:
^ Tuo juttu aiheuttaa tunteita ja ajatuksia moneen suuntaan. Mutta kirjoitan runsaasta valikoimasta tähän vain yhden.
70-vuotiaalla äijällä 7 alaikäistä lasta, joita hänellä oli vaikeuksia ruokkia  hyvinäkään aikoina? Ruoka-apua tuonne vain sterilointeja vastaan.

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